Frequently Asked Questions
Q. When did Marlboro become a town?
A. “The precinct of New Marlborough became a town and took the name of the town of New Marlborough in 1788. In the year of 1800 what is now the town of Plattekill was set off and Marlborough was left as it is today” (Woolsey 24-25).
Q. What Native Americans lived in Marlboro?
A. “Delaware Indians is the English name of a tribe that lived in what are now Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. These Indians called themselves Lenape, which means genuine people. Their English name came from the Delaware River, which flowed through their land. The Delaware were divided into three major groups-the Munsee, the Unalachtigo, and Unami. Each group spoke a different dialect of a language that belonged to the Algonquian langauge family” (Garbarino, World Book, 113).
“The largest tribe of eastern Algonquians was the Lenni-Lenape, which occupied western Long Island, the lower Hudson, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and northern Delaware and Maryland. To us they are known as the Delaware…” (Salomon 14).
“To the north and along the Hudson were the Munsee; in the center, along the Delaware River and into Southern New Jersey were the Unami; while in the South, from that River into Delaware and Maryland, were the Unalichtigo” (Salomon 14).
“The ‘Lenape’ meaning ‘common people’ … lived in [their] Lenapehoking homeland, an area that stretched from just north of Kingston, New York to the present state of Delaware. The first colonists named [them] ‘Delaware’ to honor the third governor of Virginia Colony, a man by the name of Lord de la Warr. In colonial times [they] were called many names- Esopus, Munsee, Minisink, River, Stockbridge, and Wappinger Indians. Other Native Americans in the area, such as the Mahicans call [these] people ‘Grandfather'” (Grant 9).
Q. Who was the Duke of Marlborough?
A. “Marlborough was so named after John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough. He was born at Ashe, in Devonshire, England, in 1650” (Woolsey 16). “The ancestors of many of our first settlers, [here in Marlborough, NY,] were soldiers under the Duke, and had marched with him through many of the countries of Europe…Thus it was quite natural that our English ancestors would have named the Presbyterian society, the precinct, and afterward the town, after him” (Woolsey 18).
Q. What businesses were present in the village of Marlborough when Woolsey published, “The History of the Town of Marlborough” back in 1908?
A. “Franklin Clark, Elmer Wygant, and the Marlborough Manufacturing & Supply Co. [were manufacturers of fruit]. Charles A. Hartshorn, John C. Merritt, E.B. Dexter, Elbert Warren, Charles Warren, George A. Badner, Dun and Edwards, E.J. Cumsky and Charles Kniffin [were] merchants and [had] general stores. Geo. A. Young and Baxter Bros. [were] millers, William Y. Velie, extensive florist; C.R. Gorden, druggist, Marlborough Plumbing Co., Stephen D. Warren and John Deckers, blacksmiths, Jason McGowan, Moses McMullen, Matthew Morgan, hotel keepers, William Smith and Emmit Warren [were] dealers in meat and fish; and last, but not least, the ‘Marlborough Record,’ a weekly newspaper” (Woolsey 457).
Q. How do you begin to search for the history of your house?
A. “The three most important sources of written information about your house are: 1. Deeds 2. Old phone books and city directories 3. Obituaries of former owners” (Green).
Garbarino, Merwyn S. “Delaware Indians.” The World Book of Encyclopedia. 2008 ed.
Green, Betsy J. Discovering The History Of Your House And Your Neighborhood. Santa Monica, CA : Santa Monica Press LLC, 2002.
Grant, Bethanne, and Laurence M. Haupton; illustrated by Beth Sara Hauptman. Lenapehoking: My Hudson Valley Homeland. New Paltz, NY : Haviland-Heidgerd Historical Collection, Elting Memorial Library, 1992.
Salomon, Julian Harris. Indians of the Lower Hudson Region: The Munsee. New City, New York: Historical Society of Rockland County, 1982.
Woolsey, C.M. History of the Town of Marlborough Ulster County, New York: From its Earliest Discovery. Albany: J.B. Lyon Company, Printers, 1908.